One silver lining of the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic has been the realisation that family unity and safety is fundamental. One way to ensure this is by investing in a second citizenship that enables families to come together in a single, healthy, and protected location. Not all Citizenship by Investment destinations, however, will let you apply for citizenship with your entire family. Which ones are most family-friendly, and which are restrictive?
Commonwealth of Dominica
Dominica’s Citizenship by Investment Programme was altered significantly this year and now allows investors to include a spouse, children up to the age of 30, parents and grandparents, and even siblings – a move that makes it the most generous Citizenship by Investment Programme in the world for wide families. Adult children, parents, and grandparents need to show they are substantially supported by the investor or the spouse of the investor. Siblings can apply if they are 25 or younger, single, and childless. Like adult children, parents, and grandparents, they must also show they receive substantial support.
Dominica also allows people who are already economic citizens to re-apply for family members they may not have included in their original application. Any spouse from a marriage that occurred after citizenship, or any child born after citizenship, can also receive citizenship of Dominica.
Grenada is appealing to large families and was the first Citizenship by Investment jurisdiction to allow siblings. However, in Grenada, siblings must be adults. They must also be single and have no children of their own. Spouses, children up to 30, parents and grandparents, can also all form part of an application to Grenada.
Unfortunately for Grenadian economic citizens, no provision under the Programme enables them to ‘add’ a family member they could have added in the original application. New-born children, however, may receive citizenship.
Unlike Grenada, St Lucia allows siblings who are underage and who have consent for applying from their parent or guardian. They must also be unmarried. St Lucia is, on the one hand, strict with regards to grandparents, who are barred, and parents, who must be aged 55 and fully supported by the investor. On the other hand, St Lucia is a very welcoming jurisdiction when it comes to children, who can be included up to the age of 30 if the investor fully supports them.
New Does Not Mean Family-Orientated
With a Programme that dates to 2018, Jordan nonetheless shows little avant-gardism when it comes to families. Although spouses can join the investor, children are only allowed in limited circumstances, and distinctions exist between sons and daughters of the investor. Sons must be under the age of 18, and daughters, whilst potentially being of any age, must be unmarried, widowed, or divorced. There are no provisions for an investor’s parents, grandparents, or siblings.
Despite a significant surge in interest in the Turkey Citizenship by Investment Programme, large families will have a hard time ensuring unity through investment in this nation. This is because only the investor’s spouse, children under 18, and children who are dependent as a result of a medical condition can be included in an application.
Montenegro is the world’s latest country to develop and launch a Citizenship by Investment programme, but this seems to have resulted in a cautious approach towards family reunification. Here, an investor’s spouse can obtain citizenship, as can an investor’s underage children upon their coming of age. Adult children who are dependent on the applicant can receive citizenship immediately – a distinction that may be linked to the issue of consent by children and their parents.