Antigua and Barbuda
Launched in 2013, the Antigua and Barbuda Citizenship by Investment Programme offers four routes to citizenship, including the non-profit National Development Fund and an investment in real estate.
Bulgaria’s Immigrant Investor Programme was launched in 2009 as a means for foreign nationals to obtain citizenship of Bulgaria following a period of nominal permanent residence in the country.
Dominica’s Citizenship by Investment Programme dates to 1993 and allows you to become a citizen of a country focused on sustainable growth and development.
The Spice Island is widely regarded as one of the Caribbean’s friendliest and most beautiful island nations. Grenadian citizenship gives you unrestricted access to the country. A Grenadian passport gives you visa-free and visa-on arrival rights to around 145 destinations.
Malta is a melting pot of business know-how, experiences, skills and funding that are positively contributing to its society, stimulating business and increasing job creation. Malta’s Granting of Citizenship for Exceptional Services Regulations is suitable for high-net worth individuals who are interested in and relocating to Malta. Licence: AKM-ACCA-21
Established in 2016, the St Lucian citizenship by investment programme is the newest in the Caribbean. Seeking to incorporate the best from surrounding CBI schemes, it offers many advantages for investors and residents alike.
St Kitts and Nevis
Citizenship of St Kitts and Nevis lets you live, work, and study in one of the Caribbean’s most idyllic locations. With a passport from this country, you can gain visa-free or visa-on-arrival entry to over 155 countries and territories worldwide.
Launched in 2017, Turkey’s Citizenship by Investment Programme is a relative newcomer in the citizenship by investment industry, but it has found significant success among Middle Eastern applicants, particularly from Iraq, Afghanistan, Palestine, and Egypt.
Vanuatu’s Development Support Programme (DSP) is one of two citizenship by investment programmes that coexist in Vanuatu. Established in 2017, the DSP originally conferred only ‘honorary’ citizenship, which afforded successful applicants far fewer rights than those held by native and naturalised citizens. However, the DSP was overhauled in 2018 and now confers ‘full’ citizenship (albeit without the right to engage in political life in Vanuatu).
Greece launched its Golden Visa Programme in 2013. The programme offers immediate permanent residency followed by the option of citizenship post a residency of 7 years.
Established in 2012, Ireland’s Immigrant Investor Programme was introduced to drive inward investment and create business and employment opportunities in Ireland. In recent years, the Programme has begun to pick up pace with investors.
Italy’s Investor Visa enables applicants to receive residence of Italy in return for a qualifying investment.
Since 2010, Latvia has been issuing temporary residence permits to foreign investors, allowing them to reside in Latvia and travel visa-free across the Schengen Area.
Monaco is a glamourous principality on the French Riveria and is widely considered to be one of the wealthiest places in the world.
Portugal launched its Golden Residence Permit Programme in October 2012. Successful and longstanding, the Programme is now considered the most established of its kind.
Singapore’s outstanding reputation as one of the world’s leading economies makes it a popular choice for residence by investment.
Spain’s Golden Visa Programme, provision for which was made in 2013, is one of the industry’s most popular residence by investment programmes.
Switzerland is a federal republic made up of 26 cantons and is one of the most attractive countries in the world for conducting business. Switzerland does not have a typical residence by investment programme. A non-EU/EFTA national who does not plan to undertake gainful activity in Switzerland can become a Swiss resident if a Swiss canton confirms a fiscal interest in that individual taking up residence.
Micha-Rose Emmett answers all your questions about citizenship by investment, what you need to know and the key benefits of having a second citizenship.