What is second citizenship?

What is second citizenship? In an era defined by globalisation, the concept of obtaining second citizenship has emerged as a straightforward option for those seeking greater mobility, security and opportunity.

An interconnected world and porous borders have surged the interest in second citizenship- a pathway to the promising benefits.

Second citizenship is known as the concept through which an individual holds citizenship of two countries simultaneously, i.e., two passports. This is generally possible depending on the respective country’s immigration law, policies, and internal agreements with another nation.

Also Read: What is a Citizenship by Investment Programme?

Evolving essence of citizenship

There were days when citizenship was solely tied to a person’s place of birth. But, it is now being challenged by the practical benefits and advantages that an alternative citizenship can offer. It has been captivating an increasing number of individuals who recognized the tremendous benefits that acquiring a second passport can provide.

As the changing world continues to shape the economic, political and social landscapes, the demand for alternative citizenship has increased among individuals seeking to expand their business horizons or to safeguard themselves and families against geopolitical uncertainties.

While taking the shape of the global phenomenon, second citizenship emerges as an enticing avenue to strengthen personal, professional and financial prospects. With each passing day, the popularity of second citizenship has been reaching at its unprecedented heights due to its potential to provide access to enhanced mobility, improved quality of life and a great sense of security.

Robust Plan B

As political and social turmoil becomes more common, second citizenship is becoming a robust Plan B. Several economic fluctuations and restrictions have pushed individuals towards seeking other alternatives which work as a crucial safety net for themselves and their families. This also leads them to navigate through the complexities of the modern world with greater ease and flexibility.

The surge in demand for alternative citizenship stems from the recognition that there should be a backup plan for a better future and a myriad of opportunities.

Recognition of second citizenship as a valuable asset

Amidst the backdrop of dynamic economic and geopolitical uncertainties, having alternative citizenship is rapidly transforming from a luxury to a necessity for High-Net-Worth Individuals( HNWIs). People across the globe recognise second citizenship as a valuable asset while replacing the notion that it comes with mere privileges.

Also Read: Dual citizenship in 2023 – what does it look like?

How to get a second citizenship?

The efficient way to get second citizenship is known as a citizenship by investment (CBI) programme. It is also known as an economic citizenship programme, which is offered by several countries all over the world. CBI provides alternative citizenship in a particular country in exchange for a substantial amount of investment.

Through these investment programmes, the qualifying foreign nationals and their family members are able to receive every residency and citizenship right, normally similar to those born in a particular country. Qualifying individuals are also awarded second passports through a CBI programme. The second citizenship through CBI Programme offers numerous benefits, such as the chance to diversify portfolio, enhanced wealth planning and global business opportunities.

Citizenship by Investment Programmes in the Caribbean

There are several regions which offer second citizenship through the Citizenship by Investment Programme.

The concept of CBI programmes is native to the Caribbean region. In 1984, St Kitts and Nevis- the smallest country in the western hemisphere launched the world’s first CBI programme.

Several Caribbean countries such as Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, St Kitts and Nevis, and Saint Lucia are known for their CBI Programmes. Dominica and St Kitts and Nevis are also ranked as the world’s best CBI programmes in the CBI Index – A publication of the financial times for their low investment, multi-layered background checks and visa-free offerings.

The investment starts from as low as $100,000 with excellent opportunities such as visa-free travel options and various tax benefits. Most of these countries also don’t have any residence requirements.

CBI Programmes in Europe

Many European countries also offer ‘Golden Visa Programmes’ which are also routes to second citizenship. Austria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Malta, Spain and Turkey offer some of the most popular economic citizenship programmes around. One of the most recognized programmes was Portugal, which was temporarily suspended by the Government in April 2023. The minimum investment to obtain second citizenship in Europe is much larger than in the Caribbean region.


Enhanced global mobility. Second Citizenship is becoming popular rapidly due to the benefit of enhanced global mobility. For individuals who are seeking growth beyond shores and strengthening financial prospects across the globe, visa-free travel is the option to consider. Hence, the global mobility aspect significantly revolutionizes the concept of second citizenship.

Tax optimization. Investors across the globe choose second citizenship as the platform for securing their financial assets with tax benefits and managing their wealth more efficiently and effectively.

Security. A second passport from a stable country can be life-saving in the event of any kind of political, economic or social unrest in one’s home country.

Business. Second Citizenship opens doors to several business and investment opportunities. It provides access to new markets and builds lasting value for their business.

Investment in the future. In the ever-changing world, individuals consider second citizenship as a smart investment in the future. It helps to secure the future while having a backup plan for uncertainties.